Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has several types within the overarching disorder. Although people may use the term “personality disorder” to mean different things, the clinical definition and diagnosis are based on the idea that an individual displays patterns of behavior that make it difficult or impossible to get along with other people. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is just one classification of personality disorders.
What Is Borderline Personality Disorder?
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental health disorder that is characterized by unstable behaviors, moods and relationships. This serious mental illness affects a large part of the population. The cause of BPD is not known, but it is understood to have both genetic and environmental factors. Childhood trauma may play a significant role in the development of BPD, including abuse, neglect, loss and bullying.
BPD is characterized by ingrained behaviors that make it difficult or impossible to have successful social interactions. People with BPD are unable to form and maintain healthy relationships and often suffer from depression. BPD can also manifest in trouble with emotional regulation, self-soothing and self-concept.
The Four Types of Borderline Personality Disorder
One of the symptoms of BPD is extreme emotional swings. These can make it difficult to maintain healthy relationships, which can lead to a feeling of isolation. The sense of isolation in mental illness can be overwhelming and lead to other problems. Understanding what BPD is can help you begin to develop a sense of hope — there are others who experience what you do and there are treatment options available.
Borderline personality disorder can be further broken down into four sub-types:
Someone suffering from Discouraged Borderline Personality Disorder believes people will not want to be around her. She thinks that no matter what happens, she cannot win. She avoids social interactions, assuming no one wants anything to do with her. She may also be overly dependent on others hoping to gain some sense of self-worth from the relationship.
A Discouraged Borderline Personality will do anything to keep relationships from ending, even avoiding the other person. She behaves like an abandoned child who feels unworthy of love and affection. She may display signs of black-and-white thinking and has an unstable sense of self.
Violent tendencies are more likely to show in an Impulsive Borderline Personality. The person suffering from this type of borderline personality disorder seems to be in constant conflict with the whole world. She thinks that her pain might be reduced if she can make other people suffer for it.
She is angry, unthinking and can be anti-social. She is likely to have poor impulse control, potential trouble with substance abuse and possibly inflicts pain on herself through cutting or other self-harm techniques.
The Self-Destructive Borderline personality type is very likely to engage in self-destructive behavior, including self-injury and likely also suffers from depression. She believes no one cares about her, so she does not care about herself, either. She does not feel loved and experiences extreme self-loathing.
A person suffering from Self-Destructive Borderline Personality Disorder is emotionally unstable and is likely to be a suicide risk.
A person suffering from Petulant Borderline Personality Disorder is unable to express her feelings and may be passive-aggressive. She may injure herself to get the attention she feels she needs. Her sense of herself is unstable, and she is afraid of abandonment. She is unable to control or even recognize her anger and often takes it out on friends and family.
In relationships, she often uses other people’s actions to demonstrate that she is not really loved. She may pose ultimatums setting others up to show their love through unrelated actions. It becomes a game of, “If you loved me you would do…”
There is some overlap between the different types of BPD. Only a mental health professional can accurately diagnose BPD. If you notice symptoms of this or any other mental disorder, you should seek professional diagnosis and treatment. Most mental illnesses do not resolve without treatment.
BPD Treatment for Women
Borderline Personality Disorder, no matter which type, can be treated. There are several forms of counseling and therapy that can reduce the symptoms of BPD and improve your quality of life. It is important to find the right mental health professionals that can offer you the treatment you need.
If you are suffering from the symptoms of BPD, an appropriate treatment plan can make you feel better in a short period of time. Many people who suffer from BPD also have a co-occurring mental illness like depression or anxiety. Brookhaven Retreat can treat a dual-diagnosis and help you re-gain a positive perspective on life.
Contact Brookhaven Retreat today to learn more about treatment options for BPD. Let our compassionate professionals give you the right diagnosis and create an individualized treatment plan that can help reform your behavior and improve your outlook. You do not have to face BPD alone. Contact Brookhaven Retreat today.